aviculture au maroc


study of poultry projects









Description of a poultry farm building


The rule to follow when constructing livestock buildings is 10 chickens per 1m², the side openings represent 10% of the building area.
The construction of a well-designed building is the first element of success in poultry farming. Indeed, the production results (weight, food consumption, mortality) are largely linked to the ambient conditions inside the building. The animals must be in optimal conditions in order to obtain best results.
So before choosing the building plan accordind to your situation, do not hesitate to have your choice checked by a poultry production specialist

Design elements for poultry buildings:

The dimensions of a building (width, height, open area) are determined primarily by the type of ventilation, for broiler farming, it is generally natural ventilation,

The practical standards to be taken into account for successful natural ventilation are:


1- Optimal width = 8-10m, maximum = 12m
2- Surface of air intake openings (side walls) = minimum 8% of the floor area.
3- Air outlet surface (roof) = 2 to 3% of the floor area.
4 -Large vertical distance between the inlet openings (as low as possible) and the air outlet openings (as high as possible): hen house with a steep slope (at least 30%).
5- Blanket shutters are essential for regulating air flows.
6- Roof overhangs (at least 50 cm) is necessary to protect the openings from the sun's rays and from the slope.


Insulation standards:

The thermal insulation of a building is very important in practically all regions and more particularly in the interior of the country. Its role is to limit heat exchanges between the interior of the building towards the exterior (in winter) and vice versa in (summer). Therefore, it allows better control of the internal temperature (summer) and savings in heating (winter).
Insulation should cover, if possible, the floor, walls and roof. But, for cost reasons, we must at least insulate the roof which is the part of the building or essential place of heat exchanges.

Density inside buildings according to farming methods:



- 10 to 12 chickens per 1 m² if the ventilation is static and the watering and feeding system is manual.
- 15 to 18 chickens if the ventilation inside the building is dynamic (ventilator, extractor and Bad-cooling ,,)

Laying hens :

- Ground breeding: 7 to 8 pullets per 1 m²
- Cage breeding: 30 to 50 per 1 m² depending on the number of floors inside the chicken coop


- 5 to 7 pullets per 1 m²


- 4 to 6 turkey per 1 m² for the weight of 9-10 kg at 16 weeks

- Variable density depending on the brands


Organic chicken

- 8 chickens per 1 m² inside the building, and 2 m² / chicken for the course

Organic hen

- 6 hens per 1 m² inside the building, and 4 m² / hen for the course


batiment avicole

batiment avicole





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