aviculture au maroc


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Quail breeding




Quail, a small bird, with varied plumage, short legs, round shapes, fairly similar to partridges.
Despite the poor flight ability of these birds, there are sedentary quail species in warm countries and migratory in temperate countries.
There are 02 very different species to know:

Common or wild quail (Coturnix coturnix); is difficult to domesticate because of its migratory tendencies, the seasonal laying of which reaches 8 to 18 eggs.


The domestic quail (Coturnix Japonica) is high, since its domestication in Japan, the latter differs from wild quail by its weight which is from 30 to 60%> and by a laying which lasts all the year and can reach 300 eggs .


Known since ancient times in Europian countries (Franch, Italy and Spain), Asia (Japan, Taiwan and the Philippines) and Africa, quail are found in plains and clearings.
This bird is known by the quality of its flesh and the flavor of its eggs, by an early and abundant laying.
An early sexual maturity at the age of 42 days linked to a significant prolific character, rapid growth without forgetting the hardiness.

rearing quail is very profitable like other agricultural businesses, such as raising chickens, turkeys or ducks. Almost all types of weather are suitable for starting the quail farming business. Quail meat and eggs are very tasty and nutritious. Quail eggs are very nutritious than other poultry eggs. Because quail eggs contain relatively more protein, phosphorus, iron, vitamin A, B1 and B2. Quail farming can play an essential role in meeting the demand for food and nutrition. Quail farming requires less capital and labor


Characteristics of the quail


- Quails are very small birds.

- An adult quail weighs between 150 and 200 grams and an egg weight between 7 and 15 grams.

- Females begin to lay eggs between 6 and 7 weeks and continuously lay one egg per day.

- They lay around 300 eggs in their first year of life. After that, they produce about 150 to 175 eggs in the second year. Egg production gradually decreases after the first year of laying.

- The quail egg is very suitable for human health. It contains 2.47% less fat than chicken egg. Many people believe that "quail eggs help prevent blood pressure, diabetes, pants, etc."

- Quail meat is very tasty and nutritious. Fat is very low in their meat. So quail meat is very suitable for patients with high blood pressure.

- The eggs are very beautiful with several colors.

- Quails do not incubate their eggs. So, you should use an incubator for hatching their eggs.


Benefits of Quail Breeding


Quails are smaller birds, and it is very easy to handle. The main benefits of starting a quail farming business are listed below.



- Quails are smaller birds, so they can be raised in a small place.

- The costs of feeding quail are comparatively lower than those of chickens or other poultry birds.

- Diseases are less in quail, and they are very hardy.

- Quails grow very quickly and mature more quickly than any other poultry bird.

- They start to lay within 6 to 7 weeks of age.

- It takes about 16 to 18 days to hatch their eggs.

- Quail meat and eggs are very tasty, delicious and nutritious. It is therefore an excellent source of food and nutrition.

- Quail farming requires little capital and the cost of labor is very low.

- Quail can be raised successfully in the commercial method. Some people have already started commercial quail farming.

- Quails are very strong birds and disease or other health problems are less. The risks are therefore lower in this sector.

- Quail meat contains less fat. Thus, it is suitable for hypertension patients.

- You can raise 6 to 7 quails in the same place as that required for a chicken.

- As the quail eggs are smaller, the price is also lower than that of other birds. As a result, all types of people can buy quail eggs and you can easily sell the eggs.



Quail life cycle


Quails generally survive 3 to 4 years. An adult quail weighs between 150 and 200 grams.

Females begin to lay eggs between the ages of 6 and 7 weeks. Each egg weighs between 7 and 15 grams.

They lay more than 300 eggs per year. Their eggs are very beautiful. The presence of light increases the productive efficiency of quail. They usually lay eggs in the afternoon.


It takes about 17 days to hatch their eggs. A quail newborn weighs about 6 to 7 grams.

Quails never incubate their eggs. To successfully reproduce, keep a male quail with three to five female quails. Quail chicks become very sensitive and take about two weeks to be strong enough. Eggs 9 to 11 grams in weight with a smooth, hard eggshell are perfect for hatching and chick production.

During the laying period, the laying egg food available on the market will be distributed at a rate of 35g / subject / day and care must be taken to a high protein concentration (from 28% to 20% from start to reproduction).
The food consists of corn, soybean meal, from milling, calcium phosphate, limestone and CMV.
Male♂ and female la begin to reproduce at 45 days of age.

Couplings are generally carried out in groups of 2 to 3 females for 1 male.
Japanese quail is an excellent laying hen (300 to 400 eggs / year), with a laying time of 5 to 6 months on condition of maintaining a constant illumination of 16 hours of light / day.



How to start the quail farming business


Since quails are smaller poultry, it is very easy to establish a quail farm. Establish a business plan for quail farming before you start. And work according to the plan. An appropriate business plan should include breeds, housing, diet, care and marketing strategies. Here we briefly describe all the steps.


To ensure proper monitoring and progress of the breeding, the breeder must have 03 different

rooms, namely:


- A 1st space for reproduction;


- a second for meat production;


- and finally an incubation room while respecting hygiene rules.



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