aviculture au maroc

 

study of poultry projects

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

The poultry industry in Morocco

 

With an average growth rate over the last four decades of around 7.7 % of poultry meat production and 3.5% of consumption egg production, the poultry industry is one of the most dynamic agricultural activities in Morocco.

Given its relatively low price compared to other animal products, poultry products are consumed by the general population and are the only recourse for improving the food security of our country in terms of original protein animal. With a production in 2019 of 625,000 tonnes of poultry meat and 6.1 billion eggs for consumption.


This sector currently covers:

 

- 100% of poultry meat requirements representing 52% of total consumption for all meats combined

 

- 100% of consumption eggs requirements

 

 

Since 1997, the poultry sector has experienced difficulties which have led to a slowdown in its development. The constraints are notably linked to the absence of strict regulations on the exercise of poultry activities; that's why it felt urgent to provide the sector with an adequate and specific legal framework whose purpose would be the protection of poultry farms s and control of the production and marketing of poultry products s , this draft The law was drawn up and presented to the government council which adapted it on May 10, 2001.

The poultry sector has not yet reached the level of integration in the agricultural sector thanks to the absence of a role of government, the latter is considered an industrial and non-agricultural sector, therefore has not benefited of the law on the zero-rating of agriculture.

Paradoxically, the regulatory texts for the sector exist as to applying them the prevarication state under the pretext that any tightening of control would lead to job losses and a social crisis that it does not want to have on its hands.

 

The marketing and distribution of chicken in Morocco is done according to a primitive system, more than 85% of the chickens produced are sold by small live chicken retailers these retailers are supplied either from the wholesale market or directly from farms depending on the regions .the consumer therefore buys a live animal, and generally gives it to an adjacent slaughterhouse for the slaughter - plucking and more and more evisceration service.

 

So the weakness of the purchasing power is not the only factor which explains the decline in demand. What poultry farming is less likely to notice is the deplorable sanitary situation of poultry products: poor producers and marketing channels seriously harm the image of the whole sector.

 

The two parts, the administration and the operators of the sector, will have to take care to equip the country with industrial poultry slaughterhouses which are rare until now.

Finally, they will have to help boost the consumption of poultry products with a high protein content and at a reduced price. This objective involves modernizing the distribution channels which remain the engine of development in the sector.

 

Regional distribution of farms according to the production system

 

The various poultry traditionally raised in Morocco (hen, turkey, pigeon) are well distributed throughout the country with spatial concentrations linked to the harsh climate (North-South and West-East gradients) and demographic distribution.

Conversely, industrial farms, although present in most regions, are distinguished by a very high concentration on the Atlantic coast, particularly on the Kenitra-El Jadida axis, which offers a favorable climate and is nearby major consumption centers (Casablanca and Rabat).

In fact, the Kenitra-El Jadida axis represents 48% of the total incubation capacity of hatchery-type hatcheries, 75% of egg-type hatcheries, 73% of the capacity of consumer egg laying farms, 42 % of that of broiler farms and 91% of that of turkey farms.

The production of chicks which covers all the needs of the market (and also partly meets the restocking needs of traditional breeding) is ensured by a range of units of very variable capacity: 49 hatcheries of the flesh type, 3 hatcheries of egg-laying type, 3 turkey hatcheries, and 4 small quail and 4 ostrich hatcheries.

 

INFRASTRUCTURE OF THE POULTRY SECTOR


- 40 compound feed mill

- 54 broiler hatcheries

- 3 egg-laying hatcheries

- 3 turkey hatcheries

- 7,627 authorized broiler farms

- 900 authorized turkey farms

- 384 laying hen farms authorized

- 27 poultry slaughterhouses

- 05 egg packing centers

- 03 egg processing units

 

THE POULTRY SECTOR IN FIGURES (2019)
 


Annual production:

 

- 625,000 tonnes of broiler meat

- 107,000 tonnes of turkey meat

- 480 million Day old chicks

- 11.6 million local Day old turkeys

- 4.19 million imported Day old turkeys

- 16 million day old egg chicks

-  6.1 billion consumer eggs

-  3.7 million tonnes of compound feed for poultry

 

Cumulated investments:       13.5 billion dirhams
Turnover: 32.5 billion dirhams
Jobs:      160,000 direct jobs and   370,000 indirect jobs 

 

 

 

 

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