aviculture au maroc

 

study of poultry projects

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

STRATEGY TO CONTROL AVIAN TYPHOID IN LAYING HENS

Avian typhosis is a transmissible disease which has a great power of diffusion and a particular gravity, likely to extend beyond contaminated farms. The socio-economic and health consequences of this disease are serious and the impact on the productivity and profitability of laying hen farms is very significant.

With the aim of eradicating the avian typhosis disease in Morocco. a control programme for this disease has been established by the Ministry of Agriculture in close collaboration with professionals. this programme aims to interrupt the cycle of infection of the disease by means of

* Eliminating the source of infection.
* Minimizing the potential risks.
* Preventing the reintroduction of infection.

Indeed, the control of avian typhoid disease must be achieved first and foremost by interrupting vertical transmission (from parents to offspring) by strengthening measures to control the supply of hatching eggs and day-old pullets.

 

For infected flocks, control measures should include


* Early reform of infected flocks.

* Destruction of sick animals.

* Control of all possible vectors of infection (personnel, feed, water...).

* The implementation of adequate hygiene measures.

* Vaccination in cases of endemic disease to reduce the prevalence of the disease.

 

Given the urgency of the actions to be taken and taking into account the enormous damage caused by avian typhosis in the field, a control program for this disease was chosen based on two main axes:

 

- Reinforcement of the sanitary measures of the farms adhering to the control program of avian typhosis.

- Vaccination in the case of farms which adhere to this program and which are located in areas where the disease is endemic. The purpose of vaccination is to control the disease and minimize production losses.

- The control program for avian typhosis can be summarized as follows: